Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender’s hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop.
A field goal is worth two points unless made from behind the three-point line when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.
Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or bypassing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offence, players may use a variety of shots—the lay-up, the jump shot, or a dunk; on defence, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offence or defence may collect a rebound, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard. It is a violation to lift or drag one’s pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling.
Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School (YMCA) in Springfield, Massachusetts, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters.
After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot (3.0 m) elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, and balls had to be retrieved manually after each “basket” or point scored; this proved inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls to be poked out with a long dowel each time. In later years basketball evolved and became the game which we see or play today.
Stationary Basketball Shooting Form and Technique
Here’s a quick road map of the stationary shooting techniques.
1)EYES ON TARGET
To improve accuracy, locate the target (rim) as early as possible. Keep your eyes on the target and do not follow the flight of the ball. Keeping your target focus is very important!
2)STANCE AND BALANCE
Feet are shoulder-width apart for good balance. Feet should be in a slightly staggered stance that is consistent and comfortable for you. Your shooting foot is slightly ahead of the non-shooting foot in a comfortable position.
Point your feet in the general direction of the basket, but not necessarily directly at it. We prefer an open stance, but you can also use the closed (squared) stance if that’s more comfortable for you. With an open stance, your feet point towards one side of the basket. For example, a right-handed shooter will point his or her feet just to the left of the rim for a more natural position and shooting motion.
Once you develop a comfortable stance, line up your feet the exact same way on every shot. Whatever stance you use, consistency is critical.Flex/bend your knees on every shot.
As you catch the ball, move it quickly into the shot pocket. Line everything up so the ball and your shooting eye forms a straight line to the basket. This is VERY important. Position the ball several inches above your waist.
Grip the ball properly and be ready to shoot. Position the ball in your shot pocket the SAME way every time you catch it.
Place the air hole between the middle and index fingers. Line up your fingertip pads parallel to the long seams of the ball, so you can monitor the backspin. Leave space between the ball and the middle of your palm. You should be able to insert a pencil between the ball and your palm area.
Spread your fingers far enough apart to comfortably balance the ball in one hand. The ball should sit on your finger pads.
Your non-shooting hand should be on the side of the ball and your balance hand should not add force or spin to the shot. Your non-shooting hand should not move on delivery and should ALWAYS come off the ball FIRST.
The ball should start motion directly upwards from the shot pocket. Your elbow should be positioned comfortably under the ball. The ball stays in front of you and should not go behind your head.
Uncoil your body with your legs, core, and arm power all coordinated. Your elbow and wrist should extend in a straight line to the basket. Your shooting hand should extend in a straight line to the rim. Hand position on delivery is very important. The ball should come off the hand with perfect symmetrical backspin. As shown in the picture to the right, your guide hand stays to the side and does not influence the flight of the ball.
7) UP-FORCE AND LANDING
Release the ball on the way up, just before the top of your jump. Use your legs to generate up-force.
You should land in the same spot that you jumped, which shows that you have good balance on your shot.
Your wrists should be floppy (relaxed). Fingers should be pointed at the target (rim). Finish high. You should see your fingers at the top square of the backboard. Hold your follow-through position until the ball hits the rim.